PERSIAN ARCHITECTURE

Architecture in Persia has a continuos history of more than 6.000 years, from at least 5.000 B.C to the present, with examples distributed over a vast area in the world (from Syria to North India and the borders of China, from the Caucasus to Zanzibar).  Persian buildings vary from peasant huts, tea houses and garden pavilions to some of the most beautiful and majestic structures the world has ever seen.

Monumental persian architecture was primarily religious, in meaning and purpose.

Although the primary tasks and achievements were in the service of religion, architectural activity was not confined to that.  Bridges, bazars, caravanserais, fortifications and gardens were built throughout the land, requiring equal skills and imagination than religious monuments and secular palaces.

 

 

Caravanserai: a place where cultures meet - The word caravanserai is a persian word, combining “caravan” with “sarayi” or “serai”, meaning palace, dwelling or enclosed court. Caravan also in english refers to a group or convoy of traders, soldiers, pilgrims engaged in a long distance travel.
The dome, a persian inheritance - The dome has been vital to the development of Persia’s great architectural achievements, as well as to world future architecture.
The symbolic geometry of persian gardens - The symbol of the digit 4, representing the four sacred elements, fire, air, water and land, has very old origins. 
The Gate of All Lands - The ruins of Persepolis, symbol of Persian might at its zenith, rise starkly today from a plain in southern Iran, set on a walled terrace near the foot of a mountain.
The monumental tombs in Naqsh-e-Rostam - Just a few kilometers north of Persepolis, the monumental tombs of Darius II, Artaxerxes I and Darius I were hewn into a rock cliff, called Naqsh-e-Rostam.
The lion and the bull, and the astronomy in Persepolis - The lion and bull combat is a recurrent theme among Persepolis sculptures.
The grandeur of Isfahan architecture - Shah Abbas I (1589-1627) was the Safavid dinasty shah who designated Isfahan as capital. He reconstituted it with so many new mosques, palaces, bridges, avenues and parks that European travellers referred to it as “half the world”.

 

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